There’s nothing more beautiful than growing old with a spouse, but when one part of the equation passes, it can leave the other riddled with grief.Read More
If you want to know how other ways of helping prevent injuries and syndromes associated with aging, read on and learn about a muscular-skeletal problem known as sarcopenia. Here are the key takeaways:
Sarcopenia is defined as natural muscular loss associated with aging.
Sarcopenia is linked to falls, and falls are linked to trouble
Sarcopenia cannot be stopped but its impact can be reduced
Nutrition (high protein intake) and exercise in the form of resistance training and walking help stop the impact.
Wine and cheese is the stuff of retirement. Everytime I go to a church gathering, non profit fundraiser, or chamber meeting with older adults, wine, cheese, and prosciutto are frequently on the menu. A lot of the times, I ask my friends at these meetings if they’d like to get dinner and they respond, “Oh, this is plenty, I’m full.” But wine and cheese isn’t really dinner.
Don’t get me wrong, I love a good cabernet. But they don’t substitute for a good meal of roast chicken and rice, or pork chops and asparagus. This isn’t so bad in your 50s or 60s, but as you approach your 70s or 80s, this could be a problem. On top of that, many do it in the name of, “It’s less food, and so it’s less calories.”
As you might guess, it’s not optimal. As we get older, sarcopenia can set in -- a natural degeneration of our muscles and muscular growth. “After 50, a natural degeneneration of muscles becomes natural”. Sarcopenia is defined as “ by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength and it is strictly correlated with physical disability, poor quality of life and death.” And what people don’t seem to understand is that wine and cheese, as wonderful as it is, is no substitute in terms of protein intake.
Let’s look at some math: One slice of cheese on the low side has 7 grams of protein and 7 grams of fat. Considering the average male adult looking to lose weight should inta0ke about 150 grams of protein so this doesn’t appear so bad. However, the average male adult also only needs about 56 - 78 grams of fat to cover basic dietary needs while losing weight. So if “dinner” is cheese and wine, even if dinner was a third of your calories, you’d have to eat 10 slices of cheese to get close to your protein budget, bringing your fat budget to the limit!
It’s no wonder then that most older men and women aren’t getting enough protein in their diets and as a result are marked with sarcopenic obesity -- wherein the obesity is more a result of a reduction in muscle fibers rather than an increase of fat.
What’s so wrong with sarcopenia anyways? You might say, “You said it yourself, John. It’s just a natural part of aging.”
The problem with sarcopenia and the reason that we must do what we can as caregivers and as geriatric professionals to deter its effects is because of quality of life. Mortality is inevitable. There is a 100% chance that everyone will die at some point. However, we can do the best that we can to make sure that the quality of life as our loved ones (and we ourselves) age is a smooth transition -- not one fraught with excessive medication and surgeries because of something as preventable as loss of muscle fiber via atrophy.
One study said this: “Community-dwelling older adults in this study were largely sedentary but there was evidence that higher levels of activity were associated with reduced adiposity (fat tissue) and improved function. Physical activity at all intensity levels in later life may help maintain physical function and protect against sarcopenia.” Protection against sarcopenia is protection against unnecessary mortality. Too often as caregiving professionals we hear about someone having an unfortunate fall and their condition deteriorating rapidly afterwards. Falls can lead to a loss of ambulation which can lead to further losses of independence and quality of life. Falls can damage important skeletal structures which once damaged lead to a loss of mobility and overall well-being. Protecting against sarcopenia is to protect your loved one’s assets and independence as a competent individual. “It should be important to prevent or postpone as much as possible the onset of [sarcopenia], to enhance survival and to reduce the demand for long-term care.” Researchers highlight that we can reduce the need for long term care by monitoring against sarcopenia. Although in some ways long term care is inevitable, we can do what we can to make it less impacting on our culture and our society. Long term care is expensive and taxing on families financially, mentally, and emotionally. If we can reduce the need for it or prolong residents’ competence beyond it, then shouldn’t we?
What can we do to counter Sarcopenia? As with everything the doctor tells you but doesn’t give you any specific instructions on: diet and exercise.
One studies shows that “Analysis of all thirty-nine studies suggest protein and EAA [essential amino acid] supplements may improve fat-free mass, muscle strength and physical function.” By supplementing our diets with more protein and essential amino acids, muscles are given the nourishment they need to stay healthy and strong. Strong muscles help maintain mobility and strength, preventing falls.
“If you don’t lose it, you lose it.” This phrase could not be truer of sarcopenia, making the second countermeasure, of course, as exercise.
Among those interventions, physical activity with or without protein supplementation has demonstrated to be effective in improving muscle mass and function and in preventing disability and frailty in older persons.
Physical inactivity or a decreased physical activity level is a part of the underlying mechanisms of sarcopenia and therefore physical activity can be seen as an important factor to reverse or modify the development of this condition.
“Based on these evidences, recommendations for adult and frail older people should include a balanced program of both endurance and strength exercises, performed on a regular schedule (at least 3 days a week).”
All three studies, across the board recommend exercise as an important, if not the most important part of counteracting muscle atrophy via sarcopenia. Endurance exercises include things like walking or aerobic activity, where as strength exercises include things like resistance training that is meant to build muscle. We have a penchant towards attributing exercise for young people looking to get into shape -- something older adults don’t “need” anymore. Building muscle and aerobic exercise, encouraging our loved ones to do the same, at any age whether it is 9 or 95 doesn’t have to be about losing weight or looking good -- it’s about maintaining our independence and our quality of life for as many years as we possibly can.
So what can we take away here:
Sarcopenia is muscle degeneration that can lead to falls, and falls are trouble.
Sarcopenia can be inhibited via nutrition and exercise.
Take in more lean protein.
Exercise three days a week, rotating resistance training like with weights and bands, and endurance training like cardiovascular exercises.
Personally, I’m very invested in weight lifting and so is a good friend of mine. For years, he had been predominantly interested in moving bigger and heavier weight. The other day though, he told me, “I’m less interested in moving crazy weight these days. I just want to be able to lift for the rest of my life.” Societally, we seem to forget that fitness is more than just the short game of looking good. It’s the long game of preserving quality of life and quality of health. Muscle degeneration may be a part of aging, but sarcopenia, frailty, and injury do not. So maybe have the wine and cheese, but maybe after that, but get a quick workout in before, and then throw in a chicken breast with wild rice while you’re at it.
ARTICLE SUBMITTED AND WRITTEN BY KAREN WEEKS
Caregiving is challenging even when things go reasonably smoothly. If you and family members aren’t seeing eye to eye, the situation can be especially complicated. Here are some tips for navigating obstacles when connections between family members are getting frayed.
Common conflicts. There are many issues that can arise when caregiving for an elderly loved one. Family members may want to manage living or financial concerns differently, relatives who are too far to lend a hand may be resented, and decisions may reveal to differing beliefs. With some basic conflict-resolution techniques, it’s possible to cope with the situation together and find ways to work as a team. Put a few well-thought-out guidelines in place so you and the rest of your family can keep the peace and focus on your loved one.
Remember respect. Not everyone reacts the same way in stressful circumstances. As the Alzheimer’s Association points out, the tension and stress of coping with caregiving can bring issues to a head. Most of the conflicts that may arise are not simple and will require patience and time to work through. Remember to respect your relatives in the course of resolving issues and allow time for thorough discussions with everyone’s opinion heard and valued. Avoid attacking or blaming anyone, as that will not resolve issues but will create hurt feelings, making it even more difficult for everyone to cooperate.
Distribute duties. Caregiving responsibilities should be talked through. Create a list of all the tasks involved, including how much time each task takes, and be prepared to discuss each item on the list. Each family member should choose tasks that match up with abilities and interests; for instance, if someone is good at and enjoys bookkeeping, that person can absorb those duties. If someone is good at organizing and coordinating schedules, that person should man that role. Not everyone needs to be involved in hands-on caregiving, and every part of the overall duties matters. Some experts recommend giving special thought to who can provide for financial obligations, as this may be a vital role someone fills that is neither personally present nor contributing in other ways. And remember, as U.S. News & World Report points out, you should never fall into the misconception that you “shouldn’t have to ask” for someone to pitch in.
Continue communicating. Your work as a team doesn’t end when all the various roles are assigned. Continue to meet in person or on conference calls routinely. Everyone needs to be kept in the loop, and situations can change as time goes on. Reevaluate roles as needed and make a plan for the progression of the disease.
When someone isn’t helping. Unfortunately, sometimes people don’t choose to do the right thing. This can be for a number of reasons—an inability to accept the situation, avoidance of responsibility, etc. If a family member isn’t contributing fairly, some professionals suggest sending a handwritten note including specific, concrete requests, such as a visit for respite, or making phone calls.
Substance abuse. In the course of caregiving, one of the many situations family members may discover is their elderly loved one is abusing substances, particularly prescription medications. With the aging of our population, there is an increase in inadvertent addictions among the elderly. If you discover your loved one has a problem, the experts at drugrehab.org suggest addressing the situation honestly. Talk with your senior’s physician and don’t allow the situation to progress.
Healing family ties. When the stress of caregiving brings conflicts to the surface, it’s important to take steps toward resolution. Practice respect, distribute duties, communicate, and if you discover a substance abuse issue, address the situation. By using thoughtful strategies, you can keep your family functioning as a team.
Article submitted and written by Karen Weeks
Photo by Pixabay
If you’re a senior on the precipice of retirement, you might be wondering how you’re going to fill your extra time. If you’ve got a few retirees already in your social circle, then you may know some who dive headfirst into skills that they have always wanted to learn, start up on hobbies that have been on the backburner, or work on technology skills to keep involved with their kids and grandkids.
While some people think technology isolates us, it doesn’t have to! It can put a world of information just one click away. From videos that teach you how to play instruments to classes on public speaking, turn your computer on and let the learning begin. Here are a few ways technology can help you and your friends enjoy those treasured golden years.
First, start with the basics
If you’re looking to get involved with fun online activities with your friends, then you might need to boost your general computer skills to get a basic understanding of how the internet works. To take an online class, you’ll want to learn how to use email, watch videos, use a web browser, create passwords and logins, and share files.
Don’t let feeling overwhelmed hold you back! Think of all you have accomplished that got you to retirement. Some seniors get nervous around technology, but all it takes is some knowledge and practice, and you can master it. Once you and your friends are comfortable with computers, next, you’ll want to decide on what classes and activities to take and learn about.
Next, try getting creative
What has four strings and is filled with fun? A ukulele! Whether you live in a retirement community, make regular trips to the local senior center, or invite friends to your house, learning to play an instrument online can happen anytime, anywhere.
There are all kinds of music lessons online, and many, especially on YouTube, are free. First, decide which instrument to learn, and then do a web search for “online music lessons” with the name of the instrument to research your options. Not only will an instrument be a fun skill to learn both as an individual or in a group, it will also help stave off arthritis, improve memory, and help with balance.
Or, start a second career with online learning
There are a lot of skills you can learn online that will help you grow personally, but there are also skills you can build to grow professionally, too. There are many great reasons to keep working a bit in retirement. Studies show that our minds are better at retaining memory, critical thinking, and making decisions when we stay stay active and engaged in retirement. Some seniors enjoy earning a certificate or license online that not only challenges their minds, but also gives them some extra pocket money, too.
You can take online classes to help you earn your realtor license, a great side job for seniors who want to set their own schedules. This job allows you to work when and with whom you please and to meet new people and help families find their dream homes. Real estate agents can be their own bosses or work for a firm full-time or part-time. If retirement has been a bit too stagnant for you, then earning a certification or license online may be the thing you need right now and for the future. You can also study online in areas like finance, nutrition, massage therapy, behavior science, and foreign languages. If your friends are on board for the same course, you can hold each other accountable for work and support each other as a study group.
Regardless of your reasons for going online to stay healthy and whole during retirement, you can be assured that it’s much more fun to take the technology journey with a few of your friends. Whether it’s learning about technology, taking music lessons, or starting a new part-time career, there are many options for seniors.
A very special thanks to Karen Weeks for writing and submitting this article. We look forward to more articles from her. You can find more on her website.
If you're interested in contributing to our blog, please contact John at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The elderly all lived life at one time. I feel that often times younger generations will look at the elderly and forget that they too at one time bought houses, fell in love, raised children, listened to beautiful music, watched interesting movies, shopped. Though their values may have been different, humans are humans, and times are not so different that the men and women before us didn't also have great passions, ambitions, and desires.
One of our residents here was an engineer. What did it take her to get there? What sort of obstacles did she climb -- because you know she must have had many. Another resident had a husband who sat on City Council. They travelled all over the world for various occasions -- what sort of adventures did they go on, what sort of food and drink did they try, what sort of people did they meet? Many of our residents of course were housewives. What sort of funny stories did they have with their children? What sort of days did they have? What sort of communities were they a part of? Another resident we had taught collegiate English and managed a growing business. How did she handle both? What sort of challenges did she face?
I think it's easy to distance ourselves from these stories out of a fear of getting to where they are. But if you stop and look around, you'll realize that these people all had rich lives with a wealth of friendships and dreams as well.
This is an excerpt from our May Towncrier regarding the passing of our matron, Iluminada Blasquez:
An Illuminated Life
Reflections on Illuminada
I recently watched a video about someone explaining that happiness isn’t determined by how much water is or isn’t in the glass -- it’s determined by accepting how much water is in the glass, accepting it with satisfaction, and then being okay with trying to pursue more. I believe in many ways, my grandmother didn’t have a lot of water in her glass all the time, but by the end of her life, “the cup poureth over”.
Iluminada did not have an easy life but she was content and made the most of every moment. She was raised in the countrysides of rural Philippines. She was a sickly child but ironically that saved her. Her family worked to send her to school since she was not capable of doing the manual labor. Starting from nothing and being in a working family, this girl would eventually gain a bachelor’s and a master’s teaching college English literature.
Her relationship with Arturo was not always easy. Though loving and well-meaning, he was a cantankerous man who had his own demons to battle. He trapped himself in an affair for ten years, one that Iluminada knew about. But she never left him, and instead she remained tenacious, serving her family, running the business, getting her master’s. Ten years later he would return to her patient love that waited and together they enjoyed the best years of their beautiful marriage.
In his sixties Arturo and her daughter Veronica became very sick and passed away. Iluminada went back and forth between the United States and the Philippines watching and caring for both of her loved ones in their final stages, all the while caring for some of the grandchildren who had become like second children to her. Despite everything that life sent her, Lu was never lacking in love to pour into the next generation.
In a utilitarian world that’s taught us to run when relationship, jobs, and circumstances get hard, Iluminada thrived as an example of the complete opposite. She was a mother to so many, and a woman who will forever embody industriousness, tenacity, perseverance, and love.
Sleep deprivation is a phenomenon that is least studied but has a real impact as one ages. Sleep is rest and comfort. It is a time to rejuvenate the body and the mind. By definition, sleep is a state of rest for the mind or body so that there is a decrease in bodily movement and responsiveness. (Free Dictionary, 2014). As a nurse, I have come across many patients who go through several days and nights without sleep. Yet, interventions to promote sleep, have been the most often ignored in hospitals and nursing facilities. The environmental issues of noise, nursing routines and nurses, themselves, contribute to this problem. What about in the community? How rampant is this problem of sleep deprivation? The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) reported one or more symptoms of insomnia in 46 % of persons aged 65-74 and 50% of those aged 75-84 with napping rates at 39-46%. Studies on the role of sleep deprivation to the development of dementia are imperative to address this very important issue that impacts health. It occurs in any age and gender, although more frequently in older women. If you have this issue, please consult with someone who specializes in sleep. Medication is one treatment modality that has a long list of complications and is not advisable in the long-term. Investigate what is available out there while the problem is early.
It is evident that a vast number of older persons will be staying home, with some type of disability from a debilitating illness and requiring some type of nursing care at home. With the shifting of the population as the boomer generation goes into retirement, more nursing care is expected to be delivered at home either post-hospitalization or due to a chronic disability. Nurses working in various settings will be faced with the dilemma of the frail older persons wanting to go back to their homes.
Discharge planning should be centered around the availability of resources at home. One of the most common difficulties of older persons living at home is meal preparation, because it entails several steps that require not only physical but also cognitive capacities.
Breaking down, one has to plan for the meal, shop for the ingredients, go to the store, and carry it back to the house. Then, one has to chop, slice or dice, then bake, roast, grill, fry or boil. These all include several factors in one’s executive function. Looking at this, one can have a greater appreciation of delivered meals and the countless volunteers who bring it right at your doorstep. That is just in the list of Activities of Daily Living.
"Gravitation is not responsible for people falling in love." - Albert Einstein
This previous Friday, we had the pleasure of celebrating Valentine's with our residents. Check out our pictures below as well as our video of every one getting ready and decked in red!
Happy Valentine's Day everyone! Our residents had a great time. Many thanks to our friends at Compassionate Care Hospice and Pathways Hospice for the extra supplies, games, and manpower!
“Home is where the heart is” is a common expression that most people agree to be true. What is home? Or even better where is home? One who has worked with the elderly cannot help but observe the phenomenon of “finding home”. Some residents in long-term care facilities (nursing home or assisted living) will seek permission to go home. This request typically occurs in the late afternoon and early evening. Brushing this off as a “period of confusion”, the typical response of most caregivers is “You are home. This is your home.” That conversation may go on for a while, unless the caregiver diverts the person’s attention to something more calming than the thought of wanting to go home.
The typical approach would be to give the person something to eat or drink or take the person for a walk or even better, engage the person in a more productive activity. The goal is to find something that would take the elderly person’s mind off the subject until the next day, when she begins asking for home again. One day, I decided to take this conversation a little further.
Instead of distracting them from the question, I engaged it. I asked one of the residents, “Where is home?” She gave me an old address in Garland which I verified from her niece to be the resident’s childhood address. She described the golden lab-retriever that waits on the front porch and the white fence with a swinging white gate. She told me her Mom would usually pick her up around this time about 3 PM so she does not understand “why she has not made it yet”. I assured her that I have a room where she can sleep and that we care for her. With that I took her by the hand and showed her to the dining room and served her a good meal. After dinner, I got her ready for bed. She was thankful for the room and went on to bed not mentioning “going home” again. Tonight, she found home. Tomorrow, we start a new day and may run into the same scenario. She may always be looking for that home that she remembers, but I am just glad she found home tonight.
In the next few articles, I will be writing some anecdotes of “finding home”- mostly true experiences I have had working as a nurse in various environments. I will identify some themes that are evident and some not so obvious of what constitutes a home for the elderly person with or without dementia. It is certainly more complex than what anyone would think. When a loved one is moved from one environment to the next, a certain period of adjustment takes place, causing confusion, agitation and depression.
What do you think? What could residents be looking for? Share your thoughts or your own stories in a comment below!
Thanks to everyone who came out to celebrate the Fall Festival. We were very excited and thankful to celebrate our 11th year of operations with old and new friends! Here are just a few pictures from the event. You can find more on our Facebook:
Karaoke has been one of our residents' recent favorite activities. Check out some of our latest pictures below!
For this and more videos of the goings on at Abba Care, visit our Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/abbacare.
Our Towncrier for 2014 features happiness, Henry Ford, and an autumn word search!
Towncrier Copy from Friday, September 12
Special Grandparents' Day Issue
Definition Series: Dementia
When I was young, for whatever reason, if someone was old and started forgetting things, we just said, “They probably have Alzheimer’s.” Thinking back, it’s almost humorous to think that a twelve-year old tossed around a very serious disease like Alzheimer’s as a natural state of decline.
Frankly, however, I think our society persists with this idea anyways. The truth of the matter is that Alzheimer’s is the most common “sub-category” of a bigger problem known as dementia.
As you or someone you know starts having to deal with mental or cognitive impairments, they may or may not actually have Alzheimer’s. What you can be more likely certain that they do have is dementia.
Dementia is not a disease. The Alzheimer’s Association defines it as “a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life.”
That said, dementia can take the form of a disease. The following are a few examples:
Vascular Dementia (formerly, post-stroke dementia).
The reason it’s important to point this out is to clarify fears. Just because you may have received a verdict that a loved one has dementia does not mean the dementia is necessarily terminal nor irreversible. It does not mean that they have Alzheimer’s. It does not necessarily mean they will lose control of their normal facilities soon.
Many people can be diagnosed with dementia, but it should not lead to the panic that the person will soon be completely dependent. Take action, but move forward with a calm mind of hope for solutions -- because they are definitely out there.
Being 27, I feel like I have a little bit of a spat with other people my age and in my generation. A lot of times, we like fast results. Today, too often, we want things fast. Don’t get me wrong. I love fast things. I like fast cars, fast runners, expeditious results, and efficient processes that finish things quickly.
The irony about all of those fast things though, is that they usually aren’t fast initially. They’re built to become fast.
Fast cars are expensive because they cost a lot of money and require lots of care.
Fast runners are built on year after year, decade after decade sometimes, of what seems to be fruitless training.
Fast results usually aren’t fast.
Fast, efficient processes usually either come with a price OR they are built that way after a long process of trial and error. Similar to a car.
Which is why I generally don’t trust anyone, diets especially, who promises fast results. My current diet/workout program is actually one that promises results after a YEAR. A whole year of training and proper nutrition. That’s a long time! But I’m already getting results from it.
So let’s get back to the subject at hand though. Why is cheap, fast marketing not cheap?
1. Your clients will see you as cheap, fast business.
Fresh, good ingredients can sometimes single handedly make the difference between a good meal and a great meal. Obtaining mediocre ingredients sometimes turn good meals into awful meals.
Similarly, obtaining my customers through cheap cash injections and lead lists are probably not the best method. It’s a method but perhaps not the best. Abba Care really isn’t for everyone. We know that. If we build relationships and market slowly and thoughtfully, we’ll get the clientele we’re looking for. It’s just slower. Otherwise, getting a huge list of random clients could just mean taking pot shots in the dark at anything, instead of building an attractive valuable place for the clientele and community we want to attract.
2. It changes you.
At Abba Care, we pride ourselves on being a company that’s about good, quality services and care for our residents. Every individual gets their own care plan and schedule.
That said, if we suddenly switched and focused our attention, all our attention, on obtaining numbered track leads, instead of investing in the word of mouth of our current customers, we would allow our actual relationship with paying customers to suffer and drop.
The real question then is how to over satisfy your customer and convert them into your leads, instead of seeking them elsewhere. That makes you a better more profitable business, while also creating a happier customer.
3. It’s just not hip.
If you spam me with cheaply designed flyer ads in the mail, there’s a pretty good chance I’ll just breeze over whatever you sent me and trash it.
Change the paper quality, make it good design? I’ll probably take a peek.
Send a hand written letter? You’ve got my attention.
Come and visit with a puppy? I can’t ignore you.
You write an ad that says, “We’ve got great pizza.” I’ll ignore you. Everyone thinks they’ve got great pizza. You write an ad that says, “You won’t like our pizza. We’re too good for you.” Now I want to try your pizza. And you’ve stuck out -- not to stand out but because you were yourself (I hope… or that’s a really odd sense of poser).
What I’m trying to say is, your business doesn’t get anywhere looking like everybody else. And everybody else wants to just use cheap solutions. Let’s build great businesses that have creative smart approaches to capturing their market’s attention through thoughtful meaningful campaign design, not automated approaches that have been done for years.
Cheap marketing makes you look cheap.
No wait, cheap marketing MAKES you cheap.
Cheap marketing says nothing, and therefore isn’t hip.
Don’t give into the temptation. Build something meaningful instead.
CAREGIVER TIPS: Definitions Series
They used to all just be called nursing homes.
I mean, you think your grandparents retired in a retirement home. Or was it an independent living facility? Or do they just go to a senior care center? Was your grandmother aging in place, in an assisted living, or a skilled nursing facility?
With so many terms, it’s easy for someone to get lost. Let’s start with a few basics. Today, we’ll start with the following basic definitions:
Independent Living Facility
Skilled Nursing Facility
Assisted Living Facility
NURSING HOMES -- a dated word that no one in the industry uses anymore to refer to a geriatric care facility
(and while we’re at it, geriatric care is just a fancy way of saying caring for the elderly)
Nursing homes are what we all used to call ANY facility that cared for the elderly. The industry has since changed and developed different facilities that have varying criteria for residents who stay there.
Additionally, the term nursing home is a bit misleading. It implies that the place is now a “home” (which is not the case for rehab clinics that are often referred to with this noun) or that they all have nurses in them (which is not the case with an assisted facility or with an independent care facility).
INDEPENDENT LIVING FACILITY -- basically a retirement community
Today, it’s more appropriate in the industry to refer to retirement homes as independent living. Additionally, many of these independent living facilities have “transitionary living”. In other words, they usually have an assisted living facility owned by the same company adjacent to these.
Residents here are all generally quite capable of living on their own. For varying personal reasons they may have decided to downsize, live with others, or be in a community that may provide care in the future.
SKILLED NURSING FACILITY -- traditional “nursing homes”, Medicaid/Medicare funded resident living space and round-the-clock care.
A skilled nursing facility is the closest thing to the traditional term for a nursing home. Skilled nursing facilities usually house a multitude of semi private rooms that have medicaid beds.
Skilled nursing facilities are generally the most affordable form of geriatric care because of medicaid financed beds. However, facilities are generally semi-private rooms and require that the resident and caregiver qualify for medicaid. Additionally, these facilities are generally monitored by 24 hour nursing staff.
In some ways, one can look at a skilled nursing facility as a cross between a hospital and an assisted living.
ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY -- the middle ground between a skilled nursing facility and independent living facility; varies in care qualifications
Assisted living facilities are for residents who are not quite as bed-ridden as the residents in a skilled nursing facility but who also need the guided care and watchful supervision of care staff.
Assisted livings vary in the care they can offer based on A-Type and B-Type facilities. A-type facilities are ideal for those who only need minimal assistance, while b-type facilities are ideal for those who may have dementia or Alzheimer’s but are not in need of the intensive care found in a skilled nursing facility.
the long and short:
Nursing homes -- a word no one should use anymore
Independent Living -- Retirement homes
Skilled Nursing Facility -- The closest thing to a traditional nursing home; like a cross between a hospital and an assisted living
Assisted Living -- Retirement care with extra care and supervision minus hospital care; like the middle ground between a skilled nursing facility and independent living
Well I hope that helps. There are a multitude of definitions to consider when navigating the world of caregiving, but the more you understand the better equipped you are to care for your loved one in this stage of life.
The Fountain of Youth is a strange myth that we ironically continue to pursue today, just in other formats. Usually this happens through some form of self-indulgence and fearful self-preservation. The irony is that our longevity might not be found in creams, indulgences, and pleasure as much as it is found in generosity towards others.
Various research studies have proven that Volunteering makes you live longer.
Here are some ways, volunteering makes your life better, and therefore longer:
1) You belong somewhere.
2) You feel better about yourself.
3) Your kids won’t be devils.
1) You belong.
I get it, this isn’t the high school cafeteria. Post adolescent years, who needs to belong anyways?
Wrong. It’s not so much the “belonging” we need, as much as the sense of fitting into a role in our communities. We tend to feel better when we feel like we uniquely fulfill a role within the tribe of people we do life with.
The Corporation for National and Community Service calls this “social integration theory” or “role theory”. Basically we achieve some sense of purpose based on our ability to fill a need in the community. That sense of purpose is especially felt in older generations ie retirees, where the CNCS found the retirees had a stronger life satisfaction for volunteering than for continuing to work for pay.
2) You feel better about yourself.
In a study by Allen Omoto, a psychology professor at Claremont Graduate University, there are five top-listed reasons people volunteer. You might be surprised to know though, that #4 and #5 are altruistic, and you might call the top 3, selfish.
Here they are in numeric order:
1) Desire to Learn new Things, acquire knowledge.
2) Feel better about yourself and find greater stability in life.
3) Personal Development -- new skills, test capabilities, and stretch yourself.
4) Make the world a better place.
5) Serve and help others.
As you can see, the top three are, in fact, ways to just feel better about yourself.
I don’t think there’s anything inherently wrong with that though! Maybe all that really means is that we were hard-wired to help each other, because helping each other gives us some sort of dopamine kick about ourselves whether that’s improving professionally or generally as a human being.
3) Your Kids won’t be devils.
On a website for parents and children called Cando Street, Amy Shoemaker, writes an article advocating for kids to volunteer with older adults, and in particular, reading with older adults.
Across the board, numerous research results have shown that children who work with the elderly are more socially adept, score higher on reading scores, and have a broader vocabulary.
Why is that?
Volunteering gives kids a chance to step outside their current circles and expand their horizons. Kids quickly find out the world is not about them and it also gives them an opportunity to see the future -- that youth is fleeting and it expires.
Additionally, the elderly won’t be objectified when children volunteer with them, allowing for a richer deeper opinion and view of the world around them.
Here’s the deal:
1) A sense of purpose is tied to lower mortality rates
2) We can all use more self esteem.
3) Kids who don’t behave like hellions are probably more likely to age you.
So do yourself a favor -- volunteer, and live longer.